Art Fisher

What’s known for sure about Art Fisher is that he was in vaudeville. That’s about it.

 

And he gave the brothers their nicknames, according to various first person accounts including Groucho in The Marx Brothers Scrapbook, Harpo in Harpo Speaks (who places the naming in Rockford, IL, as does Hello, I Must be Going).

 

The earliest Marx-Fisher connection I could find (apart from them being on the same 1910 Joliet bill) is a story in The Dayton (OH) Daily News of  23 Jan 1927, placed as some publicity for The Cocoanuts I believe, that mentions the nicknaming as done by Fisher.

The earliest mention I could find of him linked to the nicknames that had a location included were newspaper stories in the fall of 1931 as part of the publicity for Monkey Business. Art is called a “famous vaudevillian” and “leading monologist.” It says that they were playing as the Four Nightingales in Peoria. In 1932 publicity for Horse Feathers the site moved to Galesburg in some stories, but still mostly Peoria.

 

Legend says that it happened in Galesburg, IL in May of 1914. The Marxes played the Gaiety Theater in Galesburg May 14-16 that year. In the origin stories he’s described most often as a “monologist.”

On May 17, according to the Galesburg Register Mail, the Marx troupe played the Knox College baseball team to an exhibition game that drew a large crowd, in part thanks to “a throng of scantily dressed … chorus girls/cheerleaders” on the Marx side, according to the Galesburg paper.

Gaiety

But who was Art Fisher?

I decided to try and find out.

The first mention I could find of Art the entertainer was from December 1906, where he was filling in for someone on a bill (Variety, December 1906).

Screen Shot 2019-12-01 at 2.27.18 PM

I think the writer confused Mr. Ellison stealing Leo Carrillo’s stories with Art Fisher. Since in Variety for January 1907 Leo Carrillo took out a warning ad.

Screen Shot 2019-12-01 at 2.29.12 PM

 

Throughout the years 1907-1912 Art Fisher shows up regularly in vaudeville as a “cowboy mimic”, “mimetic comedian”, and “impersonator.” Though in the nickname stories he’s most often a “monologist.” Here’s a typical mention of the period from the Montpelier (VT) Morning Herald of 26 Jul 1910.

MontpielierVT Morning Journal1910

 

We know from Four of the Three Musketeers that Art Fisher played on the same bill as the Groucho, Harpo, and Gummo (as “Minnie Palmer and Her Seven Happy Youngsters”) in Joliet, IL on Dec. 19-21, 1910.

I wanted to see if I could find out more.

I started by tracking mentions from national newspapers on newspaperarchive.com, newspapers.com, and the Library of Congress Chronicling America website at chroniclingamerica.loc.gov. Also Variety from lantern.mediahist.org, and Illinois newspapers from the Illinois Digital Newspaper Collection at idnc.library.illinois.edu.

Perhaps my greatest find was a photo of Art in his cowboy mimic gear.

Fisher_Art_photo-12 Jan 1908 Daily Arkansas GazetteLittle Rock, (AK)  Daily Arkansas Gazette of 12 Jan 1908.

 

Eventually I found 305 dates for Art. From August 1906 to September 1912.  And then three dates in September 1919.

Often in the midwest but also in other far-flung locations. After September 1912 the trail runs totally dry, at least in all the above sources, which is odd since he was (I assume) playing somewhere in 1914 in order to give the nicknames.

So in the end I couldn’t ever find any genealogical evidence of Art. Not in the 1910 census. Not a 1917 draft registration.  So he remains a mystery. But at least I did my best to flesh out his professional career.

 

About that May 1914 Date

In my researching of Art there’s a pronounced ending of his career in September 1912.  It’s the last monologist/imitator/cowboy mimic Art Fisher reference I could find in any of my sources (apart from those three odd 1919 dates).

As mentioned before, we know that Art Fisher and (some) Marx Brothers were on the same bill Dec. 19-21, 1910 when Harpo, Groucho, and Gummo were performing as “Minnie Palmer and Her Seven Happy Youngsters at the Grand Theater in Joliet. This date, at least, dovetails nicely with the height of Art Fisher’s career.

Screen Shot 2020-01-04 at 7.34.42 AM

(The Joliet News,  20 Dec 1910)

The Monkey Business publicity mentioned above from fall 1931 is, as I’ve said, the earliest evidence I could find of a Marx-Fisher naming story that mentions a place. It mentions Peoria and, interestingly, it places the naming as during “The Four Nightingales” era. Which was 1908-1909. So not 1914. But not too far from that December 1910 Joliet date with Art Fisher when they were billed as “Minnie Palmer and her Seven Happy Youngsters.” and transitioning into “Fun in Hi School.”

In 1932 there was a round of Horse Feathers publicity stories that mostly mention Peoria- except a handful that mention Galesburg.

Harpo, in Harpo Speaks, says that the naming happened at an undated time in Rockford, IL (every story has it happening in Illinois) while they were playing “a couple local spots before making the great swing to the west coast and back through Canada.”

In May 1914 they played a couple local spots in Illinois and then moved south to Texas.

But in 1910 they played in Joliet in December with Art Fisher and then local spots through the spring, before heading to the west coast and Canada, as per Harpo. Specifically Spokane at the end of July, then Vancouver, and eventually California in September. So the places in Harpo’s version match. He may have been conflating two different trips, but that’s less likely if we assume May 1914 is logically impossible.

One stumbling block to my theory is that Chico wasn’t with the act until 1912. But then neither was Zeppo. And naming Chico after the chickens he chased wouldn’t be much of a stretch.

One offshoot of my theory is that, as cited in Four of the Three Musketeers, Gummo recalls Harpo’s harp originally joining him for the first time in Joliet in late December 1910. Which would mean that Harpo may have gotten his harp and his nickname during the same weekend in December 1910.

For what it’s worth, here is what is believed to be the earliest mention of a harp in a the Marx Bros. act.

It’s from Variety of 21 Jan 1911 while “Fun in Hi Skule” was playing the Clark Theater in Chicago.

Clark_harp

The Clark Theater building is still standing in Chicago. On the far north side at 4533 North Clark St. And behind, in the alley, is the bricked up outline of what may be the first stage door Harpo’s harp ever went through.

Harpo door 3

 

And here are the 305 dates I could find for Art.

Date Place State Source Theater
Monday, March 11, 1907 Freeport IL Freeport Journal Standard 15 Mar 1907 Bijou Theatre
Tuesday, March 12, 1907 Freeport IL Freeport Journal Standard 15 Mar 1907 Bijou Theatre
Wednesday, March 13, 1907 Freeport IL Freeport Journal Standard 15 Mar 1907 Bijou Theatre
Thursday, April 11, 1907 Davenport IA Moline Dispatch The Industrial Family Theater
Friday, April 12, 1907 Davenport IA Daily Times 12 Apr 1907 The Industrial Family Theater
Saturday, April 13, 1907 Davenport IA Daily Times 13 Apr 1907 The Industrial Family Theater
Thursday, May 2, 1907 Appleton WI Menasha Record 2 May 1907 Bijou
Friday, May 3, 1907 Appleton WI Menasha Record 2 May 1908 Bijou
Saturday, May 4, 1907 Appleton WI Menasha Record 2 May 1909 Bijou
Monday, July 29, 1907 Chattanooga TN The Chattanooga News 30 Jul 1907 Olympia Park
Tuesday, July 30, 1907 Chattanooga TN The Chattanooga News 30 Jul 1907 Olympia Park
Wednesday, July 31, 1907 Chattanooga TN The Chattanooga News 30 Jul 1907 Olympia Park
Thursday, August 1, 1907 Chattanooga TN The Chattanooga News 30 Jul 1907 Olympia Park
Friday, August 2, 1907 Chattanooga TN The Chattanooga News 30 Jul 1907 Olympia Park
Saturday, August 3, 1907 Chattanooga TN The Chattanooga News 30 Jul 1907 Olympia Park
Monday, August 5, 1907 Evansville IN Evansville Press 9 Aug 1907 Cook’s Park
Tuesday, August 6, 1907 Evansville IN Evansville Press 9 Aug 1907 Cook’s Park
Wednesday, August 7, 1907 Evansville IN Evansville Press 9 Aug 1907 Cook’s Park
Thursday, August 8, 1907 Evansville IN Evansville Press 9 Aug 1907 Cook’s Park
Friday, August 9, 1907 Evansville IN Evansville Press 9 Aug 1907 Cook’s Park
Saturday, August 10, 1907 Evansville IN Evansville Press 9 Aug 1907 Cook’s Park
Sunday, August 11, 1907 Evansville IN Evansville Press 9 Aug 1908 Cook’s Park
Monday, September 2, 1907 Winnipeg CA Manitoba Morning Free Press 31 Aug 1907 Dominion Theatre
Tuesday, September 3, 1907 Winnipeg CA Manitoba Morning Free Press 31 Aug 1907 Dominion Theatre
Wednesday, September 4, 1907 Winnipeg CA Manitoba Morning Free Press 31 Aug 1907 Dominion Theatre
Thursday, September 5, 1907 Winnipeg CA Manitoba Morning Free Press 31 Aug 1907 Dominion Theatre
Friday, September 6, 1907 Winnipeg CA Manitoba Morning Free Press 31 Aug 1907 Dominion Theatre
Saturday, September 7, 1907 Winnipeg CA Manitoba Morning Free Press 31 Aug 1907 Dominion Theatre
Thursday, October 10, 1907 Freeport IL Freeport Journal Standard 10 Oct 1907 Bijou Theatre
Friday, October 11, 1907 Freeport IL Freeport Journal Standard 10 Oct 1907 Bijou Theatre
Saturday, October 12, 1907 Freeport IL Freeport Journal Standard 10 Oct 1907 Bijou Theatre
Monday, November 11, 1907 Lincoln NE Lincoln Star 10 Nov 1907 Lyric
Tuesday, November 12, 1907 Lincoln NE Lincoln Star 10 Nov 1907 Lyric
Wednesday, November 13, 1907 Lincoln NE Lincoln Star 10 Nov 1907 Lyric
Thursday, November 14, 1907 Lincoln NE Lincoln Star 10 Nov 1907 Lyric
Friday, November 15, 1907 Lincoln NE Lincoln Star 10 Nov 1907 Lyric
Saturday, November 16, 1907 Lincoln NE Lincoln Star 10 Nov 1907 Lyric
Sunday, November 17, 1907 Topeka KS Topeka Daily Capital 17 Nov 1907 The Majestic
Monday, November 18, 1907 Topeka KS Topeka State Journal 18 Nov 1907 The Majestic
Tuesday, November 19, 1907 Topeka KS Topeka State Journal 18 Nov 1907 The Majestic
Wednesday, November 20, 1907 Topeka KS Topeka State Journal 18 Nov 1907 The Majestic
Thursday, November 21, 1907 Topeka KS Topeka State Journal 18 Nov 1907 The Majestic
Friday, November 22, 1907 Topeka KS Topeka State Journal 18 Nov 1907 The Majestic
Saturday, November 23, 1907 Topeka KS Topeka State Journal 18 Nov 1907 The Majestic
Monday, December 2, 1907 Rock Island IL Rock Island Argus 30 Nov 1907 The Family Theater
Tuesday, December 3, 1907 Rock Island IL Rock Island Argus 30 Nov 1907 The Family Theater
Wednesday, December 4, 1907 Rock Island IL Rock Island Argus 30 Nov 1907 The Family Theater
Thursday, December 5, 1907 Rock Island IL Rock Island Argus 30 Nov 1907 The Family Theater
Friday, December 6, 1907 Rock Island IL Rock Island Argus 30 Nov 1907 The Family Theater
Saturday, December 7, 1907 Rock Island IL Rock Island Argus 30 Nov 1907 The Family Theater
Thursday, December 19, 1907 Kenosha WI Kenosha News 19 Dec 1907 Bijou
Friday, December 20, 1907 Kenosha WI Kenosha News 19 Dec 1907 Bijou
Saturday, December 21, 1907 Kenosha WI Kenosha News 19 Dec 1907 Bijou
Monday, December 23, 1907 Rock Island  IL Rock Island Argus 3 Dec 1907 Family Theater
Tuesday, December 24, 1907 Rock Island  IL Rock Island Argus 3 Dec 1907 Family Theater
Wednesday, December 25, 1907 Rock Island  IL Rock Island Argus 3 Dec 1907 Family Theater
Monday, January 6, 1908 Birmingham AL Birmingham News 7 Jan 1908 The Majestic
Tuesday, January 7, 1908 Birmingham AL Birmingham News 7 Jan 1908 The Majestic
Wednesday, January 8, 1908 Birmingham AL Birmingham News 7 Jan 1908 The Majestic
Thursday, January 9, 1908 Birmingham AL Birmingham News 4 Jan 1908 The Majestic
Friday, January 10, 1908 Birmingham AL Birmingham News 4 Jan 1908 The Majestic
Saturday, January 11, 1908 Birmingham AL Birmingham News 4 Jan 1908 The Majestic
Sunday, January 12, 1908 Birmingham AL Birmingham News 4 Jan 1908 The Majestic
Monday, January 13, 1908 Little Rock  AK Arkansas Democrat 14 Jan 1908 Majestic
Tuesday, January 14, 1908 Little Rock  AK Arkansas Democrat 14 Jan 1908 Majestic
Wednesday, January 15, 1908 Little Rock  AK Arkansas Democrat 14 Jan 1908 Majestic
Thursday, January 16, 1908 Little Rock  AK Arkansas Democrat 14 Jan 1908 Majestic
Friday, January 17, 1908 Little Rock  AK Arkansas Democrat 14 Jan 1908 Majestic
Saturday, January 18, 1908 Little Rock  AK Arkansas Democrat 14 Jan 1908 Majestic
Monday, February 3, 1908 Houston TX Houston Post 2 Feb 1908 Majestic
Tuesday, February 4, 1908 Houston TX Houston Post 2 Feb 1908 Majestic
Wednesday, February 5, 1908 Houston TX Houston Post 2 Feb 1908 Majestic
Thursday, February 6, 1908 Houston TX Houston Post 2 Feb 1908 Majestic
Friday, February 7, 1908 Houston TX Houston Post 2 Feb 1908 Majestic
Saturday, February 8, 1908 Houston TX Houston Post 2 Feb 1908 Majestic
Monday, June 8, 1908 Sioux Falls  SD Argus-Leader 8 Jun 1908 Barrison Theatre
Tuesday, June 9, 1908 Sioux Falls  SD Argus-Leader 8 Jun 1908 Barrison Theatre
Wednesday, June 10, 1908 Sioux Falls  SD Argus-Leader 8 Jun 1908 Barrison Theatre
Thursday, June 11, 1908 Sioux Falls  SD Argus-Leader 8 Jun 1908 Barrison Theatre
Friday, June 12, 1908 Sioux Falls  SD Argus-Leader 8 Jun 1908 Barrison Theatre
Saturday, June 13, 1908 Sioux Falls  SD Argus-Leader 8 Jun 1908 Barrison Theatre
Sunday, June 21, 1908 Evansville IN Evansville Press 10 Jun 1910 Oak Summit Park
Monday, June 22, 1908 Evansville IN Evansville Press 10 Jun 1910 Oak Summit Park
Tuesday, June 23, 1908 Evansville IN Evansville Press 10 Jun 1910 Oak Summit Park
Wednesday, June 24, 1908 Evansville IN Evansville Press 10 Jun 1910 Oak Summit Park
Thursday, June 25, 1908 Evansville IN Evansville Press 10 Jun 1910 Oak Summit Park
Friday, June 26, 1908 Evansville IN Evansville Press 10 Jun 1910 Oak Summit Park
Saturday, June 27, 1908 Evansville IN Evansville Press 10 Jun 1910 Oak Summit Park
Tuesday, July 14, 1908 Fort Wayne IN Daily News 11 Jul 1908 The Airdome 
Wednesday, July 15, 1908 Fort Wayne IN Fort Wayne Daily News 13 Jul 1908 The Airdome
Thursday, July 16, 1908 Fort Wayne IN Fort Wayne Daily News 13 Jul 1908 The Airdome
Friday, July 17, 1908 Fort Wayne IN Fort Wayne Daily News 13 Jul 1908 The Airdome
Saturday, July 18, 1908 Fort Wayne IN Fort Wayne Daily News 13 Jul 1908 The Airdome
Monday, August 24, 1908 Boston MA Globe 23 Aug 1908 Medford Boulevard Theatre
Tuesday, August 25, 1908 Boston MA Globe 23 Aug 1908 Medford Boulevard Theatre
Wednesday, August 26, 1908 Boston MA Globe 23 Aug 1908 Medford Boulevard Theatre
Thursday, August 27, 1908 Boston MA Globe 23 Aug 1908 Medford Boulevard Theatre
Friday, August 28, 1908 Boston MA Globe 23 Aug 1908 Medford Boulevard Theatre
Saturday, August 29, 1908 Boston MA Globe 23 Aug 1908 Medford Boulevard Theatre
Monday, August 31, 1908 Boston MA Globe 30 Aug 1908 Lexington Park
Tuesday, September 1, 1908 Boston MA Globe 30 Aug 1908 Lexington Park
Wednesday, September 2, 1908 Boston MA Globe 30 Aug 1908 Lexington Park
Thursday, September 3, 1908 Boston MA Globe 30 Aug 1908 Lexington Park
Friday, September 4, 1908 Boston MA Globe 30 Aug 1908 Lexington Park
Saturday, September 5, 1908 Boston MA Globe 30 Aug 1908 Lexington Park
Monday, October 5, 1908 Philadelphia PA Inquirer 6 Oct 1908 Fifteenth Street Theater
Monday, November 9, 1908 Mattoon IL Mattoon Journal Gazette 11 Nov 1908 The Lyric
Tuesday, November 10, 1908 Mattoon IL Mattoon Journal Gazette 11 Nov 1909 The Lyric
Wednesday, November 11, 1908 Mattoon IL Mattoon Journal Gazette 11 Nov 1910 The Lyric
Thursday, February 18, 1909 Streator IL Streator Times 18 Feb 1909 Majestic
Friday, February 19, 1909 Streator IL Streator Times 18 Feb 1909 Majestic
Saturday, February 20, 1909 Streator IL Streator Times 18 Feb 1909 Majestic
Sunday, February 21, 1909 Streator IL Streator Times 18 Feb 1909 Majestic
Sunday, April 11, 1909 Dickinson ND Dickinson Press 10 Apr 1909 Unique Theater
Monday, April 12, 1909 Dickinson ND Dickinson Press 10 Apr 1909 Unique Theater
Tuesday, April 13, 1909 Dickinson ND Dickinson Press 10 Apr 1909 Unique Theater
Wednesday, April 14, 1909 Dickinson ND Dickinson Press 10 Apr 1909 Unique Theater
Sunday, May 30, 1909 Great Falls  MT Great Falls Tribune 30 May 1909 Grand Opera House
Monday, May 31, 1909 Great Falls  MT Great Falls Tribune 31 May 1909 Grand Opera House
Tuesday, June 1, 1909 Great Falls  MT Great Falls Tribune 1 Jun 1909 Grand Opera House
Wednesday, June 2, 1909 Great Falls  MT Great Falls Tribune 2 Jun 1909 Grand Opera House
Thursday, June 3, 1909 Great Falls  MT Great Falls Tribune 3 Jun 1909 Grand Opera House
Friday, June 4, 1909 Great Falls  MT Great Falls Tribune 4 Jun 1909 Grand Opera House
Saturday, June 5, 1909 Great Falls  MT Great Falls Tribune 5 Jun 1909 Grand Opera House
Sunday, June 6, 1909 Great Falls  MT Great Falls Tribune 6 Jun 1909 Grand Opera House
Sunday, October 17, 1909 Hartford CT Hartford Courant 16 Oct 1909 The Hartford Theater
Thursday, January 6, 1910 Fitchburg MA Fitchburg Sentinel 7 Jan 1910 Cumings Theater
Friday, January 7, 1910 Fitchburg MA Fitchburg Sentinel 7 Jan 1910 Cumings Theater
Saturday, January 8, 1910 Fitchburg MA Fitchburg Sentinel 7 Jan 1910 Cumings Theater
Sunday, January 23, 1910 Boston  MA Boston Globe 23 Jan 1910 Castle Square
Monday, January 31, 1910 Fall River MA Fall River Globe 31 Jan 1910 Premier Theatre
Tuesday, February 1, 1910 Fall River MA Fall River Globe 31 Jan 1910 Premier Theatre
Wednesday, February 2, 1910 Fall River MA Fall River Globe 31 Jan 1910 Premier Theatre
Monday, February 14, 1910 Norwich CT Norwich Bulletin 15 Feb 1910 Broadway Theater
Tuesday, February 15, 1910 Norwich CT Norwich Bulletin 15 Feb 1910 Broadway Theater
Wednesday, February 16, 1910 Norwich CT Norwich Bulletin 14 Feb 1910 Broadway Theater
Sunday, February 27, 1910 Brooklyn NY Brooklyn Daily Eagle 27 Feb 1910 Grand Opera House
Monday, March 21, 1910 Waterbury CT New York Clipper 26 Mar 1910 The Jacques
Tuesday, March 22, 1910 Waterbury CT New York Clipper 26 Mar 1910 The Jacques
Wednesday, March 23, 1910 Waterbury CT New York Clipper 26 Mar 1910 The Jacques
Thursday, March 24, 1910 Waterbury CT New York Clipper 26 Mar 1910 The Jacques
Friday, March 25, 1910 Waterbury CT New York Clipper 26 Mar 1910 The Jacques
Saturday, March 26, 1910 Waterbury CT New York Clipper 26 Mar 1910 The Jacques
Monday, April 25, 1910 Lancaster PA Lancaster News Journal 23 Apr 1910 The Family Theater
Tuesday, April 26, 1910 Lancaster PA Lancaster News Journal 23 Apr 1910 The Family Theater
Wednesday, April 27, 1910 Lancaster PA Lancaster News Journal 23 Apr 1910 The Family Theater
Thursday, April 28, 1910 Lancaster PA Lancaster News Journal 23 Apr 1910 The Family Theater
Friday, April 29, 1910 Lancaster PA Lancaster News Journal 23 Apr 1910 The Family Theater
Saturday, April 30, 1910 Lancaster PA Lancaster News Journal 23 Apr 1910 The Family Theater
Monday, June 6, 1910 Pittsfield MA The Berkshire Eagle 6 Jun 1910 Mahaiwe Theater
Tuesday, June 7, 1910 Pittsfield MA The Berkshire Eagle 7 Jun 1910 Mahaiwe Theater
Wednesday, June 8, 1910 Evansville IN Evansville Press 10 Jun 1910 Oak Summit Park
Monday, June 27, 1910 Hartford CT Hartford Courant 29 Jun 1910 Hartford Theater
Tuesday, June 28, 1910 Hartford CT Hartford Courant 29 Jun 1910 Hartford Theater
Wednesday, June 29, 1910 Hartford CT Hartford Courant 29 Jun 1910 Hartford Theater
Thursday, June 30, 1910 Hartford CT Hartford Courant 29 Jun 1910 Hartford Theater
Friday, July 1, 1910 Hartford CT Hartford Courant 29 Jun 1910 Hartford Theater
Saturday, July 2, 1910 Hartford CT Hartford Courant 29 Jun 1910 Hartford Theater
Monday, July 25, 1910 Montpelier VT Montpelier Morning Journal 25 Jul 1910 Comique Theater
Tuesday, July 26, 1910 Montpelier VT Montpelier Morning Journal 26 Jul 1910 Comique Theater
Wednesday, July 27, 1910 Montpelier VT Montpelier Morning Journal 27 Jul 1910 Comique Theater
Thursday, August 4, 1910 Barre VT Barre Daily Times 4 Aug 1910 Pavilion
Friday, August 5, 1910 Barre VT Barre Daily Times 4 Aug 1910 Pavilion
Friday, August 5, 1910 Barre VT Barre Daily Times 4 Aug 1910 Pavilion
Saturday, August 6, 1910 Barre VT Barre Daily Times 4 Aug 1910 Pavilion
Monday, September 5, 1910 Springfield MA New York Clipper 17 Sep 1910 Plaza
Tuesday, September 6, 1910 Springfield MA New York Clipper 17 Sep 1910 Plaza
Wednesday, September 7, 1910 Springfield MA New York Clipper 17 Sep 1910 Plaza
Thursday, November 24, 1910 De Kalb IL The Daily Chronicle 26 Nov 1910 Haish Auditorium
Friday, November 25, 1910 De Kalb IL The Daily Chronicle 26 Nov 1910 Haish Auditorium
Saturday, November 26, 1910 De Kalb IL The Daily Chronicle 26 Nov 1910 Haish Auditorium
Monday, December 19, 1910 Joliet IL The Joliet News 18 Dec 1910 Grand
Tuesday, December 20, 1910 Joliet IL The Joliet News 18 Dec 1910 Grand
Wednesday, December 21, 1910 Joliet IL The Joliet News 18 Dec 1910 Grand
Monday, January 30, 1911 Watertown  WI New York Clipper 18 Feb 1911 The Empire Theatre
Tuesday, January 31, 1911 Watertown  WI New York Clipper 18 Feb 1911 The Empire Theatre
Wednesday, February 1, 1911 Watertown  WI New York Clipper 18 Feb 1911 The Empire Theatre
Monday, February 20, 1911 Chicago IL The Englewood Economist 20 Feb 1912 The Linden Theater
Tuesday, February 21, 1911 Chicago IL The Englewood Economist 20 Feb 1912 The Linden Theater
Wednesday, February 22, 1911 Chicago IL The Englewood Economist 20 Feb 1912 The Linden Theater
Thursday, February 23, 1911 Chicago IL The Englewood Economist 20 Feb 1912 The Linden Theater
Friday, February 24, 1911 Chicago IL The Englewood Economist 20 Feb 1912 The Linden Theater
Saturday, February 25, 1911 Chicago IL The Englewood Economist 20 Feb 1912 The Linden Theater
Monday, February 27, 1911 Davenport IA Daily Times 25 Feb 1911 The Princess
Monday, February 27, 1911 Davenport IA Daily Times 25 Feb 1911 The American
Tuesday, February 28, 1911 Davenport IA Daily Times 25 Feb 1911 The Princess
Tuesday, February 28, 1911 Davenport IA Daily Times 25 Feb 1911 The American
Wednesday, March 1, 1911 Davenport IA Daily Times 25 Feb 1911 The Princess
Wednesday, March 1, 1911 Davenport IA Daily Times 25 Feb 1911 The American
Thursday, March 2, 1911 Davenport IA Daily Times 25 Feb 1911 The Princess
Thursday, March 2, 1911 Davenport IA Daily Times 25 Feb 1911 The American
Friday, March 3, 1911 Davenport IA Daily Times 25 Feb 1911 The Princess
Friday, March 3, 1911 Davenport IA Daily Times 25 Feb 1911 The American
Saturday, March 4, 1911 Davenport IA Daily Times 25 Feb 1911 The Princess
Saturday, March 4, 1911 Davenport IA Daily Times 25 Feb 1911 The American
Monday, April 10, 1911 Milwaukee WI New York Clipper 15 Apr 1911 The Empire
Tuesday, April 11, 1911 Milwaukee WI New York Clipper 15 Apr 1911 The Empire
Wednesday, April 12, 1911 Milwaukee WI New York Clipper 15 Apr 1911 The Empire
Thursday, April 13, 1911 Milwaukee WI New York Clipper 15 Apr 1911 The Empire
Friday, April 14, 1911 Milwaukee WI New York Clipper 15 Apr 1911 The Empire
Saturday, April 15, 1911 Milwaukee WI New York Clipper 15 Apr 1911 The Empire
Thursday, April 27, 1911 Leavenworth KS Leavenworth Times 27 Apr 1911 Orpheum
Friday, April 28, 1911 Leavenworth KS Leavenworth Times 27 Apr 1911 Orpheum
Saturday, April 29, 1911 Leavenworth KS Leavenworth Times 27 Apr 1911 Orpheum
Monday, May 1, 1911 Coffeyville KS Morning News 2 May 1911 Jefferson Theater
Tuesday, May 2, 1911 Coffeyville KS Morning News 2 May 1911 Jefferson Theater
Wednesday, May 3, 1911 Coffeyville KS Morning News 2 May 1911 Jefferson Theater
Thursday, June 1, 1911 Racine WI Racine Journal Times 1 Jun 1911 Racine Theatre
Friday, June 2, 1911 Racine WI Racine Journal Times 1 Jun 1911 Racine Theatre
Saturday, June 3, 1911 Racine WI Racine Journal Times 1 Jun 1911 Racine Theatre
Monday, June 5, 1911 Racine WI New York Clipper 10 Jun 1911 Racine Theatre
Tuesday, June 6, 1911 Racine WI New York Clipper 10 Jun 1911 Racine Theatre
Wednesday, June 7, 1911 Racine WI New York Clipper 10 Jun 1911 Racine Theatre
Thursday, June 8, 1911 Racine WI New York Clipper 10 Jun 1911 Racine Theatre
Friday, June 9, 1911 Racine WI New York Clipper 10 Jun 1911 Racine Theatre
Saturday, June 10, 1911 Racine WI New York Clipper 10 Jun 1911 Racine Theatre
Monday, June 12, 1911 Fargo ND Fargo Forum and Daily Republican 10 Jun 1911 Orpheum
Tuesday, June 13, 1911 Fargo ND Fargo Forum and Daily Republican 10 Jun 1911 Orpheum
Wednesday, June 14, 1911 Fargo ND Fargo Forum and Daily Republican 10 Jun 1911 Orpheum
Thursday, June 15, 1911 Fargo ND Fargo Forum and Daily Republican 10 Jun 1911 Orpheum
Friday, June 16, 1911 Fargo ND Fargo Forum and Daily Republican 10 Jun 1911 Orpheum
Saturday, June 17, 1911 Fargo ND Fargo Forum and Daily Republican 10 Jun 1911 Orpheum
Monday, August 21, 1911 Waterloo IA Waterloo Courier 22 Aug 1911 Electric Park
Tuesday, August 22, 1911 Waterloo IA Waterloo Courier 22 Aug 1911 Electric Park
Wednesday, August 23, 1911 Waterloo IA Waterloo Courier 22 Aug 1911 Electric Park
Thursday, August 24, 1911 Waterloo IA Waterloo Courier 22 Aug 1911 Electric Park
Friday, August 25, 1911 Waterloo IA Waterloo Courier 22 Aug 1911 Electric Park
Saturday, August 26, 1911 Waterloo IA Waterloo Courier 22 Aug 1911 Electric Park
Thursday, August 31, 1911 Kenosha WI Kenosha News 1 Sep 1911 Bijou
Friday, September 1, 1911 Kenosha WI Kenosha News 1 Sep 1911 Bijou
Saturday, September 2, 1911 Kenosha WI Kenosha News 1 Sep 1911 Bijou
Sunday, September 3, 1911 Kenosha WI Kenosha News 1 Sep 1911 Bijou
Thursday, September 14, 1911 Keokuk IA The Daily Gate City 14 Sep 1911 Air Dome
Friday, September 15, 1911 Keokuk IA The Daily Gate City 14 Sep 1912 Air Dome
Saturday, September 16, 1911 Keokuk IA The Daily Gate City 14 Sep 1913 Air Dome
Thursday, September 28, 1911 Joliet IL Evening Herald News 28 Sep 1911 The Orpheum
Friday, September 29, 1911 Joliet IL Joliet News 28 Sep 1911 The Orpheum
Saturday, September 30, 1911 Joliet IL Evening Herald News 28 Sep 1911 The Orpheum
Sunday, October 1, 1911 Joliet IL Joliet News 28 Sep 1911 The Orpheum
Sunday, October 1, 1911 Joliet IL Evening Herald News 28 Sep 1911 The Orpheum
Friday, October 27, 1911 Streator IL Streator Times 28 Oct 1911 The Dawn
Saturday, October 28, 1911 Streator IL Streator Times 28 Oct 1912 The Dawn
Sunday, October 29, 1911 Streator IL Streator Times 28 Oct 1913 The Dawn
Monday, November 6, 1911 Muscatine IA Muscatine Journal 6 Nov 1911 Family Theater
Tuesday, November 7, 1911 Muscatine IA Muscatine Journal 6 Nov 1911 Family Theater
Wednesday, November 8, 1911 Muscatine IA Muscatine Journal 6 Nov 1911 Family Theater
Monday, November 13, 1911 Iowa City IA Iowa City Press-Citizen 14 Nov 1911 Bijou
Tuesday, November 14, 1911 Iowa City IA Iowa City Press-Citizen 14 Nov 1911 Bijou
Wednesday, November 15, 1911 Iowa City IA Iowa City Press-Citizen 14 Nov 1911 Bijou
Thursday, January 4, 1912 Urbana IL Urbana Daily Courier 4 Jan 1912 Orpheum
Friday, January 5, 1912 Urbana IL Urbana Daily Courier 5 Jan 1912 Orpheum
Thursday, March 21, 1912 High Point  NC High Point Enterprise 22 Mar 1912 The Eagle
Friday, March 22, 1912 High Point  NC High Point Enterprise 22 Mar 1912 The Eagle
Saturday, March 23, 1912 High Point  NC High Point Enterprise 22 Mar 1912 The Eagle
Monday, March 25, 1912 Charlotte NC Charlotte News 24 Mar 1912 Orpheum
Tuesday, March 26, 1912 Charlotte NC Charlotte News 24 Mar 1912 Orpheum
Wednesday, March 27, 1912 Charlotte NC Charlotte News 24 Mar 1912 Orpheum
Monday, April 1, 1912 Winston-Salem NC Winston-Salem Journal 2 Apr 1912 Liberty Theater
Tuesday, April 2, 1912 Winston-Salem NC Winston-Salem Journal 31 Mar 1912 Liberty Theater
Wednesday, April 3, 1912 Winston-Salem NC Winston-Salem Journal 3 Apr 1912 Liberty Theater
Monday, April 8, 1912 Durham NC Durham Sun 9 Apr 1912 The Arcade
Tuesday, April 9, 1912 Durham NC Durham Sun 9 Apr 1912 The Arcade
Wednesday, April 10, 1912 Durham NC Durham Sun 9 Apr 1912 The Arcade
Thursday, April 11, 1912 Raleigh NC The Raleigh Times 12 Apr 1912 Grand Theatre
Friday, April 12, 1912 Raleigh NC The Raleigh Times 12 Apr 1912 Grand Theatre
Saturday, April 13, 1912 Raleigh NC The Raleigh Times 12 Apr 1912 Grand Theatre
Monday, May 6, 1912 Richmond VA Richmond Times Dispatch 5 May 1912 The Lubin
Tuesday, May 7, 1912 Richmond VA Richmond Times Dispatch 5 May 1912 The Lubin
Wednesday, May 8, 1912 Richmond VA Richmond Times Dispatch 5 May 1912 The Lubin
Thursday, May 9, 1912 Richmond VA Richmond Times Dispatch 5 May 1912 The Lubin
Friday, May 10, 1912 Richmond VA Richmond Times Dispatch 5 May 1912 The Lubin
Saturday, May 11, 1912 Richmond VA Richmond Times Dispatch 5 May 1912 The Lubin
Monday, May 13, 1912 Washington  DC Evening Star, Washington DC 8 May 1912 Cosmos
Tuesday, May 14, 1912 Washington  DC Evening Star, Washington DC 8 May 1912 Cosmos
Wednesday, May 15, 1912 Washington  DC Evening Star, Washington DC 8 May 1912 Cosmos
Thursday, May 16, 1912 Washington  DC Evening Star, Washington DC 8 May 1912 Cosmos
Friday, May 17, 1912 Washington  DC Evening Star, Washington DC 8 May 1912 Cosmos
Saturday, May 18, 1912 Washington  DC Evening Star, Washington DC 8 May 1912 Cosmos
Monday, May 13, 1912 Washington  DC Washington Herald 9 May 1912 The Imperial
Tuesday, May 14, 1912 Washington  DC Washington Herald 9 May 1912 The Imperial
Wednesday, May 15, 1912 Washington  DC Washington Herald 9 May 1912 The Imperial
Thursday, May 16, 1912 Washington  DC Washington Herald 9 May 1912 The Imperial
Friday, May 17, 1912 Washington  DC Washington Herald 9 May 1912 The Imperial
Saturday, May 18, 1912 Washington  DC Washington Herald 9 May 1912 The Imperial
Monday, June 17, 1912 Clarksburg WV The Daily Telegram 18 Jun 1912 The Odeon
Tuesday, June 18, 1912 Clarksburg WV The Daily Telegram 18 Jun 1912 The Odeon
Wednesday, June 19, 1912 Clarksburg WV The Daily Telegram 18 Jun 1912 The Odeon
Friday, June 21, 1912 Fairmont  WV Fairmont West Virginian 21 Jun 1912 The Hippodrome
Saturday, June 22, 1912 Fairmont  WV Fairmont West Virginian 22 Jun 1912 The Hippodrome
Monday, July 22, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Times 27 Jul 1912 Columbia
Tuesday, July 23, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Times 27 Jul 1912 Columbia
Wednesday, July 24, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Times 27 Jul 1912 Columbia
Thursday, July 25, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Times 27 Jul 1912 Columbia
Friday, July 26, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Times 27 Jul 1912 Columbia
Saturday, July 27, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Times 27 Jul 1912 Columbia
Sunday, September 8, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Free Press  8 Sep 1912 pg 69 The Family Theater
Monday, September 9, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Free Press  8 Sep 1912 pg 69 The Family Theater
Tuesday, September 10, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Free Press  8 Sep 1912 pg 69 The Family Theater
Wednesday, September 11, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Free Press  8 Sep 1912 pg 69 The Family Theater
Thursday, September 12, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Free Press  8 Sep 1912 pg 69 The Family Theater
Friday, September 13, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Free Press  8 Sep 1912 pg 69 The Family Theater
Saturday, September 14, 1912 Detroit MI Detroit Free Press  8 Sep 1912 pg 69 The Family Theater
Monday, January 6, 1919 Poughkeepsie NY Poughkeepsie Eagle-News 8 Jan 1919 The Rialto
Tuesday, January 7, 1919 Poughkeepsie NY Poughkeepsie Eagle-News 8 Jan 1919 The Rialto
Wednesday, January 8, 1919 Poughkeepsie NY Poughkeepsie Eagle-News 8 Jan 1919 The Rialto

San Antonio Light and Gazette_11_Dec_1910

(Groucho the Monk cartoon from 11 Dec 1910)